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Air freight is often considered the first choice in moving high-valued and low-volume shipments when companies shipping cargo from one corner of the globe to another, they often choose air freight over sea freight. It is the fastest among transportation modes among Sea shipping, Road freight, Rail freight, and inland waterway.
Air freight transit time is usually measured by hours, while sea freight can take weeks or even a month from China to destination. With Super International shipping, there are various options in international shipping from China. Among all, the most fundamental shipping method is air freight and sea freight. It is always a matter of transit time, freight price, convenience, and cargo safety when making decision.
Let’s look in to the determining factors when deciding to use air freight in the following guideline.
Table of Contents
- 1 Air Freight Route & Transit time From China to Worldwide
- 2 Which type of cargo fits for air freight shipping from China
- 3 Oversize cargo by Air Freight
- 4 What have to pay attention in Air Freight Shipping from China ?
- 5 Which Airline in China
- 6 Air Freight from China to your Country
Air Freight Route & Transit time From China to Worldwide
What is Air Freight Price compare with sea freight and Road Freight ?
4 to 5 times higher than road freight
10 to 15 times higher than sea freight
Air freight cost estimation from China ?
It’s usually from USD 1 to USD 5 per kilogram, may vary depends on seasonal.
Time is money!!
You’re importing goods from overseas, the less time it takes to get your products where they need to be, the better off you are.
It is the wise choice of bringing new products with short shelf lives to target markets.
The time between the origin and destination is the transit time and it is a key factor determining whether to transport goods by air or by sea.
Air freight is much faster in terms of transit time. This is because shipping via air requires your products to be directly shipped from one airport to another, whereas sea shipping relies on vessels that sail from port to port, making a stop at each one along the way. The further the distance between origin and destination, the longer the transit time is. Air freight fits perfectly in direct city-to-city transport or on direct routes between countries. It reduces the distance between production bases and markets bringing retail goods that needs to be in destination quickly. Air freight also makes shorter order time possible whenever there is delay in production or replenishment of inventories to large initial orders shipped by sea freight that having better sale than initially expected.
The difference in costs between sea shipping and air freight shipping mainly depends on the type of cargo and to where you want to ship.
How to choose the best airport in China
Shanghai Airport is the main international airport serving Shanghai, China.
Pudong International Airport (IATA CODE: PVG) is one of two international airports of Shanghai and a major aviation hub of China. Pudong Airport mainly serves international flights, while the other major airport Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport is domestic and regional. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city center, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (15 sq mi) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority.
The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China and also serves as a focus city for Shenzhen Airlines. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is said to be the biggest express hub in Asia.
Hong Kong Airport
Hong Kong International Airport (HKG) is a hub for Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong Airlines and Air Hong Kong, and it’s the main airport in Hong Kong. The airport is located on the island of Chek Lap Kok, which largely comprises land reclaimed for the construction of the airport itself. It also serves as a focus city for China Airlines, Dragonair, Singapore Airlines, United Airlines and many more.
Ningbo Airport (IATA CODE : NGB) is located in Beilun District, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China. It is the second busiest airport in the Zhejiang province.
Ningbo Lishe International Airport is a major air cargo hub that offers direct flights to destinations throughout Asia and Europe, including Moscow and Kuala Lumpur. The cargo center at Ningbo Airport consists of a 280,000 m2 cargo center and an additional 50,000 m2 warehouse complex.
The cargo terminal has five large cargo storerooms that are equipped with modern storage equipment, as well as cold storage facilities for perishable goods such as flowers and food. The airport’s advanced container-handling system can handle over 50 tons of goods per hour. The Ningbo airport also boasts an international airmail servicing center with a sorting capacity of up to 40 million letters per year, making it one of the largest in China.
Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport (IATA Code: SZX) is an international airport located in the city of Shenzhen, Guangdong province. Located 32 km northwest of the city center, the airport is a focal point for both passenger and cargo traffic in southern China. It serves as a hub for Shenzhen Airlines, Donghai Airlines, and China Southern Airlines.
The airport’s new international terminal opened on November 28, 2013 to passengers, with a separate facility for cargo handling. The new facility features automation for baggage handling and check-in services. It also features 12 remote parking stands that allow boarding without passengers having to enter the terminal building.
The airport has two parallel runways that are 3,600 meters long and 60 meters wide; they are capable of handling the world’s largest aircraft.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA Code : GUA) Located in China’s Guangdong Province to the north of Hong Kong, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is a hub for international cargo flights within Asia. The airport is also known as New Baiyun Airport to distinguish it from the old airport, which was renamed Huangtian Airport.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport has three terminals. Terminal 1 is dedicated to domestic flights and Terminal 2 handles only international flights. Terminal 3, which opened in August 2018, is the largest and newest terminal at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. It serves both domestic and international flights (passenger and cargo) and includes an 11-gate Sky Pier that connects directly to the airfield, allowing passengers to board airplanes without going through security or immigration screening. Passengers traveling through Terminal 3 can also use an automated self-service system to check in.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is about 25 miles north of downtown Guangzhou and 19 miles from the center of Foshan city.
Qingdao Liuting International Airport (IATA Code : TAO) is located in the west of Qingdao City, Shandong Province. It is 24 kilometers from the urban area and 35 kilometers from Qingdao Port. The airport has two parallel runways (the main runway is 3600 meters long, the auxiliary runway is 3000 meters long), an annual passenger throughput of 10 million people and an annual cargo throughput of 200,000 tons. Qingdao Liuting International Airport can meet the take-off and landing requirements of Boeing 737, 757, 777 and Airbus A320, A330, A380 aircraft.
The airport has opened international routes to Tokyo, Seoul, Hong Kong, Macau and other routes. It has opened international cargo flights to Osaka Kansai International Airport in Japan, Incheon International Airport in South Korea, Shanghai Pudong International Airport in Shanghai and Cargo Airlines in Hong Kong.
Tianjin Cargo Airport (IATA Code : TSN) is one of the top cargo airports in the world and serves as the headquarters for Cargolux, an international cargo airline. The airport is located in northern China near Tianjin, a major port city and economic center. It has been in operation since 1992 and currently processes over 1 million metric tons of cargo annually.
The airport’s runway measures approximately 3 miles in length. It has 100,000 square meters (25 acres) of warehouse space available and can store up to 600,000 metric tons of cargo at once. In addition to storage space, Tianjin Cargo Airport also offers services such as packing, palletizing, labeling, assembly/disassembly of cars or other heavy machinery for transport purposes.
Tianjin Cargo Airport can accommodate most types of aircraft with its two large runways—one for takeoff and landing that measures about 3 miles long by 2 miles wide; another that measures almost 2 miles in width with no obstructions such as buildings or trees on either side making it safe to land even during windy conditions.”
Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport (IATA Code: CKG) is located in the Yubei District of Chongqing, China. It is a modern, state-of-the-art facility that is equipped to serve all of your shipping needs.
The airport is located just 15 km from downtown Chongqing and is accessible by car, taxi, or shuttle bus. It has direct connections to Chongqing North Railway Station, Chongqing West Railway Station, and central Chongqing.
CKG has four terminals and two runways, making it highly functional and efficient for all types of travelers. A new terminal building was constructed in 2010 in order to meet the demands of the growing city.
As one of the fastest growing cities in China, with a population that hovers around 30 million people and an economy that has expanded by an average of 14% per year since 1992, Chongqing is an ideal place to send and receive cargo flights. The airport serves as a major hub for flight routes throughout Asia, with more than 20 airlines operating direct flights out of CKG to more than 60 domestic destinations and over 20 international destinations.
Beijing Capital International Airport (IATA Code: PEK) is the main international airport serving Beijing. Located 32km northeast of Beijing, it is owned and operated by the Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, a state-controlled company. The airport’s IATA Airport code, PEK, is based on the city’s former romanized name, Peking.
The airport is the main hub for Air China, the flagship airline of the People’s Republic of China, which flies to around 120 domestic and international destinations from Beijing. Hainan Airlines and China Southern Airlines also use the airport as their hub. Capital International Airport is currently the second busiest airport in Asia and third busiest in the world.
Which type of cargo fits for air freight shipping from China
Air freight is the best choice for Fashion, pharmaceutical, consumer electronics, Artworks, perishable and agricultural cargo having higher cargo values per unit or time sensitive.
It’s usually adopted for consolidated cargoes, in constraint of air plane capacity, weight and safety factor.
Apart the above that related to contracted manufacturing, critical shipment of product patterns, designs and technical drawings though not the major cargo source of air freight are appropriate to be shipped by Air freight shipping.
Oversize cargo by Air Freight
There are many different types of aircrafts for oversized projects, like chartered flights which carry project cargo.
Taking the Antonov An-225 Mriya for example which is the largest aircrafts in the world, with its length of 275 feet (83.82 meters) and wingspan at 290 feet (88.39 meters) it carries up to 250 tons of cargo.
What have to pay attention in Air Freight Shipping from China ?
- It is important to understand that there are a number of destination charges to consider. No matter you ship by Sea shipping or by Air freight, customs and destination fees apply. In most cases the shipping cost of Sea freight is lower than Air freight yet the warehousing fees at destination seaports are several times higher than those at airports.
- When fuel prices are high, the cost of operating an aircraft can be as much as half of a carrier’s total operational cost. When oil is cheap, however, some airlines may be tempted to lower their fuel surcharges. This is generally not a good idea, since it can reduce revenue at a time when profit is already falling because of fuel savings and increased competition. Fuel costs are always an airline’s largest expense, but the challenge for management is to find the right balance between keeping overall costs as low as possible while maintaining profitability.
The cost of fuel is calculated using the Marginal Cost Model (MCM), which takes into account the relationship between aircraft weight and distance traveled. This model is widely accepted by the industry and international authorities such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). It applies to passenger flights where cargo space is available on a first-come-first-serve basis (commonly known as belly cargo) as well as postal and express parcels. (FBA & Express). In this case, airlines do not have to pay for unused or empty space in the hold; they are only charged for what they actually use
The chargeable weight is calculated a combination of the weight and volume of a shipment. Sea carriers charge sea freight by per container rates which is usually calculated in standard containers – TEU and FEU (FCL) . When volume of your cargo is less than a container load and you ship in LCL the Sea freight rate is charged by cubic meter (CBM).
- Your Chinese Freight Forwarder will calculate the chargeable weight after loading at origin.
- The calculations are based on the International Air Transport Association (IATA) rules which stipulates that for each type of goods, there is a maximum allowable unit weight for its transportation by air.
- The calculation of chargeable weight does not include any additional charges for wet cargo or per piece duties, insurance or special handling fees.
Which Airline in China
- Cathay Pacific (CX)
- Emirates (EK)
- China Eastern (MU)
- China Southern (SZ)
- Lufthansa (LH)